Our last stop is Sacsayhuaman, the formidable fortress that looks out across the city of Cusco. If you visit Peru, you should make a point of coming here, because yet again we have another astonishing archaeological site in the Andes Mountains that questions the conventional history of mankind.
First and foremost, the enigmatic fortress is a masterpiece of engineering. Modern day experts cannot explain how it was built. Sacsayhuaman is a marvel of mathematics, philosophy and advanced engineering. Huge stones, most of which weigh as much as 100 tons, have been laid out in a zigzag formation so that the outer walls resemble a bolt of lightning. The walls are stacked into three platforms which represent the structure of the Universe as the ancients saw it – the Upper World, the Material World and the Under World. We still use the same concept today, but our name for the worlds are Heaven, Earth and Hell.
The thunder bolt in ancient times was associated with supreme deities. In the Andean region the Alto Misayoc Shaman attempted to attract lightning to strike them as they believed it made them more powerful. People considered them to be very powerful at least. If the ancients knew how to attract lightning to a specific point using conductors, which we can assume they would, this may be where the Alto Misayoc came to receive their shock treatment. The complex of Sacsayhuaman was almost certainly used as a spiritual centre of some description.
In support of this theory, is the mysterious stone carving of a snake which is fragmented into seven levels. In the ancient world the snake represented the underworld – or rather the wisdom that you find within. Plato called this knowledge “innate ideas” and said you already know the answers to life, you just haven´t realised them yet.
The number seven is also a profound esoteric symbol which is found all over the world and is believed to resemble the seven chakras – or the seven energy points in the human body. To reach enlightenment you have to unlock all seven major chakras. Ancient mythology talks about the seven steps of heaven.
Scholars on the other hand say the reason for the layout of Sacsayhuaman is because lightning is a symbol of heavenly energy and that for our God-fearing ancestors a colossal fortress built this way would have been a frightening and powerful image to invaders. On the basis of psychology it could also be that the design was to subconsciously transfer the idea that lightning was power into the minds of the warriors that lived in the fortress to make them feel confident and indestructible. Otherwise lightning really does carry immensely powerful forces of energy that transfers to the human.
The construction of Sacsayhuaman is attributed to the Inca, but Spanish chroniclers recorded the natives claiming the complex was built a long time before their Empire even started. So it could be that the society that did build it were also great warriors. In my opinion, it was built in the form of lightning to put the idea in the minds of the initiates to help them mentally attract lightning – although they probably had some form of conductive aid as well.
Anybody who is familiar with ancient history, in particularly Hermetic wisdom, will be familiar with the term, “As above, so below.” You find a lot of statues in western society indicating this. A prime example is the statue of George Washington posing as Baphomet, a horned Devil-like creature said to be the deity of the freemasons. The fingers of the hand of Baphomet and George Washington point downwards with the forefinger of one hand and up with the forefinger of the other. In my mind, Sacsayhuaman is an expression of the same idea, but constructed in the physical form, just as ancient buildings represent stars of the constellations the builders wanted their settlements to mirror.
Just as we find at Tiwanaku, there is evidence at Sacsayhuaman to suggest the builders were capable of space-age engineering. Colossal black stones are made of basalt and packed so tightly, architects say the stones would have to have been heated to 140 degrees in order to mould them together so tightly.
In the Natural History Museum in London is a block of moulded stones that were found in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Known as the Giants Causeway the strange stone structure was formed due the effects of lava flow. The stones from the Giants Causeway are also made of basalt and the sample looks very much like the rocks in front of me in Peru.
Sacsayhuaman is obviously not the result of a giant lava flow. However, it has been proposed by some archaeologists – including Lindsay Hasluck, the archaeologist I had met in La Paz – this colossal structure could have been built using a rock-moulding plant extract mixed with the spit of a bird the British explorer, Colonel Percy Forsett is said to have discovered in the Amazon jungle. Despite a search for this magic combination, the plant has yet to be discovered.
Other mainstream archaeologists say the structure of Sacsayhuaman was designed in this way “to impress visitors” with their knowledge of building – which is not wrong because they still continue to do that today!
The Inca called this site Saqsa Uma, meaning ´head of the Puma.´ The Puma represents the material world and is regarded as a sacred animal by the ancients and their descendants. So dedicated they were to the wildcat, they designed Cusco to represent the body of the Puma with Sacsayhuaman as the animals head. Plaza de Armas is the heart of the wildcat, the Q´Oricancha are its testicles and the tail is where the rivers, Shapi and Tullumayo used to meet. Today the rivers flow underneath the two main roads, Tullumayo and Avenue Sol which meet at the statue of Pachcuta, the tip of the Puma´s tail. If you examine a modern day map of Cusco, with Sacsayhuaman on the far left, you can make out the shape of the Puma.