An even greater oddity about the use of four and five fingers on the left and right hand respectively, is that why we also find the same premise on the Monkey? Again the right hand has five fingers and the left has four. What could this mean?
In both esoteric symbolism and modern day numerology, the four is a very powerful number that represents structure, foundation, order, and an understanding of organised rules and a respect for laws of the Universe. We see this reflected in nature with the four elements and the four seasons, both of which were central to ancient symbolism.
Five indicates a time of great change when the wheels of the original vision are put in motion in the hope that new horizons will materialise. This is a time when passion collides with conflict and although it can be destructive, the five embodies the spirit.
By now I am convinced the ancients used numbers for practical and spiritual purposes and it seems to me that the repetition of four and five found in the etchings of the hands and the monkey represent the ambitions of the Nazcans to build a kingdom. That would also suggest the lines, at least the hands and monkey were etched into the desert sands upon completion of the city.
So do the hands and monkey themselves represent anything to do with building an empire? This idea certainly fits in with the idea of a hand – a symbol for workmanship, productivity and development. So what does the monkey represent?
Raymond, a local guide tells me “The monkey represents trade.” He said it was a gift brought to the Nazca people “by tribes visiting from the jungle.” Forgive me if I sound cynical, but I find this idea preposterous.
Raymond then goes on to tell me the tail of the monkey curls into a spiral because it represents the water aqueducts and is a symbol of fertility. This theory does make more sense given the Nazca desert is among the driest places on earth and has been for centuries. With only half an hour of rain every two years the ancients built the aqueducts to survive. There are 56 underground aqueducts running through Nazca and span a distance of 500 metres. They are still in full working order today and are used for agriculture and drinking water.
Maria Reiche who spent the best part of fifty years examining the Nazca Lines also considered the monkey had a greater purpose than merely representing trade. She discovered that its position on the ground reflected the constellation of Ursa Major, more commonly known as the Plough or Big Dipper. Reiche found that Orion´s Belt is reflected in the monkey´s tail.
Reiche is not the only Nazca researcher to be convinced that the pre-Columbian peoples that inhabited the area had left behind coded information which contains knowledge of the cosmos. In her book,´The Nazca Desert: The Markings of a Different Wisdom,´ radio-physicist, Alla Belokon writes “I am sure that the Nazca information is represented in the space situations among twelve centres and their connections each with the other.”
The twelve centres that Belokon talks about are the zodiacs – yet another common theme of numbers and patterns that repeatedly appear in the thinking of ancient civilisations from around the world.
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